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GMAT备考指导:OG19系列之平行结构(二)

2018-08-06 10:59

来源:北京新东方

作者:张馨月

2018年留学备考规划>>点击查看
托福 雅思 GRE GMAT SAT

  上篇文章通过OG19中的新题讲解如何考察和运用平行结构的语法点,通过下边的题目复习一下上篇文章的知识点。

      上篇文章直通连接:GMAT备考指导--OG19之平行结构怎么找

  764. The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work all over Europe, Asia, and North America last year, winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping to continue composing now that he has returned to Chicago.

  A. winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping

  B. winning prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and hoping

  C. having won prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, hoping

  D. winning prestigious awards in both London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and he hopes

  E. having won prestigious awards both in London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he hopes

  答案:D。

  相信很多同学能够选出正确答案,根据上一期讲的内容,很容易通过 both…and 的搭配和平行排除掉ABCE。

  但是根据老师的教学经验来看,很多同学会粗心选B,即使选对了也会对B和D存在疑问:winning 能否和 hoping 平行? 答案是否定的。

  很多同学的做错题目的很大原因就是忽略了句意过于关注于语法本身,导致很多题目做错。

  通过句子意思来看,这道题目描述了两件事情:

  1、这个人在去年表演作品获奖;

  2、现在他想继续创作。所以 winning 和 hoping 根本就是发生在两个不同时期的事情,所以在逻辑意思角度来看并不是并列关系。

  敲黑板

  通过这道题目,也可以验证了上一期在平行部分提到的 " 不同的时态可以平行 ",正确选项D中就是用 " and " 前后平行了两个不同时态的句子。

  通过这道题,老师想分享给同学们的一个很重要的语法点就是:平行不仅要看结构,还需要看逻辑意思,这也是语法部分出题者的初衷(画重点)。

  因为平行结构是SC中很重要的一部分,而且根据老师的教学经验来看,很多同学在这个部分存在的问题比较多,所以本期继续和大家一起练习一下平行结构。

  老师通过以下两个题目和大家分享一个SC部分常见的一个" 陷阱 "——未画线部分的平行。

  678. Travelers from Earth to Mars would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoiding large doses of radiation, plus contendingwith the chemically reactive Martian soil, and perhaps even ward off contamination by Martian life-forms.

  A. Mars would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoiding large doses of radiation, plus contending

  B. Mars would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoid large doses of radiation, contend

  C. Mars, having to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, would also have to avoid large doses of radiation, plus contending

  D. Mars, having to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoid large doses of radiation, plus contend

  E. Mars, who would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoid large doses of radiation, contend with

  答案:B

  A. Mars would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time,avoiding large doses of radiation, plus contending

  B. Mars would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time,avoid large doses of radiation, contend

  C. Mars, having to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, would also have to avoid large doses of radiation, plus contending

  D. Mars, having to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time,avoid large doses of radiation, plus contend

  E. Mars, who would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoid large doses of radiation, contend with

  解析:这道题的句意并不难理解,描述的是" 从地球到火星需要经历的几个方面,包括:忍受失重,躲避大量的辐射,忍受化学发应和躲避污染 ",所以根据这一点就可以看出BDE 中的endure/avoid/contend /ward off的几个动作是平行的,可以排除AC;有同学会产生疑问:为什么不能是doing 的形式呢?细心的同学可以看到未画线的" ward off "。这个词已经限制了其他的词也需要用动词原形而不是doing的形式,所以GMAC很喜欢设置这样的陷阱,所以大家在接下来的练习中一定要注意。

  BDE中通过对比可以发现,区别点在于前面的" would haveto " " having to " "who would haveto "的区别。老师在上课的时候一直强调的一个点就是" 分析句子结构 ",所谓的" 句子结构 "就是" 主谓要完整 ",所以很明显DE中是缺少谓语动词的。

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