新东方网>留学>GMAT考试>GMAT辅导>正文

GMAT备考指导--OG19之平行结构怎么找

2018-07-25 13:45

来源:北美留学考试资讯

作者:张馨月

2018年留学备考规划>>点击查看
托福 雅思 GRE GMAT SAT

  前不久官方发布了GMAT Official Guide19版,GMAC更新OG的频率已经和换库的保持一致的步调了——间隔越来越短。新产品的问世往往会带来一些新的变化,其中Sentence Correction 部分的总题量仍然是140题,其中新增题目20题。当然,单纯题目的数量对于同学们意义不大,只不过多了20道新题可以做,同学们更加关心的是又多出了什么新奇的考点和考法。在本个系列更新中,老师带领大家一起来看一下OG19中有哪些新奇的考法。

  今天我们就从 " 平行结构 " 开始,因为最近老师通过上课发现,很多同学对平行的理解有偏差的,而且通过最近考的精英计划的学员反馈,都有遇到平行部分的考点,可见平行是一个很重要的结构。

  首先,老师先帮助大家回顾一下平行部分的语法点。

  常见的平行标志词

GMAT平行标志词

  平行的判断: 平行词前后是语法功能相同的部分(前后连接的核心词词性相同, 如果词性相同都选不出选项,可以考虑共用部分相同)。

  如果同学们仍然对 " 语法功能 " 存在困惑,那么我们通过以下的例子来理解这个概念:

  The man was angry but still washed the windows.

  (动词平行)动词不需要完全一致

  It was important to leave the money in the drawer rather than on the table.

  (介词平行)介词不需要完全一致

  Fatigued by play and dreaming of the mouse that got away,the cat slept in the sun.

  (分词平行)分词不需要完全一致

  Seldom more than 40 feet wide or 12 feet deep but running 363 miles across the rugged wilderness of upstate New York, the Erie Canal connected the Erie Canal connected the Hudson River at Albany to the Great Lakes at Buffalo

  形容词短语和分词平行(这也能平行?? 对! 词性相同就是可以平行)

  They contended that the committee was biased and that it should be disbanded.(宾语从句)

  I want to retire to a place where I can relax and where I pay low taxes. (定语从句)

  There are many people who speak English but whose parents do not. (定语从句)

  (从句平行) 从句引导词可以不一致但是从句的类型需要一致

  注意:不同时态可以平行

  根据以上的内容,相信同学们已经对平行的基本概念有了一定的了解。

  下面我们就通过OG18 中的题目来看一下题目中是如何考察这些语法点的:

   According to some critics, watching television not only undermines one’s ability to think critically but also impairs one’s overall ability to perceive.

  A. not only undermines one’s ability to think critically but also impairs one’s

  B. not only undermines one’s ability of critical thinking but also impairs the

  C. undermines not only one’s ability to think critically but also impairs one’s

  D. undermines not only one’s ability of critical thinking but also impairs the

  E. undermines one’s ability not only to think critically but also impairs one’s

  读完题目以后不难发现很明显的考点词 " not only…but also ", 看到这样的信号词,同学们应该非常的兴奋,但是在兴奋之余不要忘记关注两个点:

  1、搭配是否对;

  2、前后是否平行;

  好,现在我能带着这两个点分别看5个选项。

  A. not only undermines one’s ability to think critically but also impairs one’s

  B. not only undermines one’s ability of critical thinking but also impairs the

  C. undermines not only one’s ability to think critically but also impairs one’s

  D. undermines not only one’s ability of critical thinking but also impairs the

  E. undermines one’s ability not only to think critically but also impairs one’s

  通过对比5个选项搭配都是正确的,其次根据平行部分,可以排除掉 CDE;

  对比AB选项,我们可以发现亮点区别:1、ability 的用法;2 the&one’s的表达

  如果同学们不确定ability的用法完全可以根据the &one’s 选出A来,因为one’s ability to和one’s overall ability to;其次我们也是可以根据后半部分ability to 的表达判断出来the ability to do 才是正确的形式。

  通过以上步骤 很容易就选出A选项了。

  Thomas Mann’s novel Doctor Faustus offers an examination not only of how difficult it is to reconcile reason, will, and passion together in any art form, but also a skillfully navigated exploration of the major concerns of modernism.

  A. an examination not only of how difficult it is to reconcile reason, will, and passion together in any art form, but

  B. an examination not only about the difficulty of reconciling reason, will, and passion in any art form, and

  C. not only an examination of how difficult it is to reconcile reason, will, and passion in any art form, and

  D. not only an examination about the difficulty with reconciling reason, will, and passion together in any art form, but

  E. not only an examination of the difficulty of reconciling reason, will, and passion in any art form, but

  根据上一题的方法先判断:1、搭配是否对;2、前后是否平

  A. an examination not only of how difficult it is to reconcile reason, will, and passion together in any art form, but

  B. an examination not only about the difficulty of reconciling reason, will, and passion in any art form, and

  C. not only an examination of how difficult it is to reconcile reason, will, and passion in any art form, and

  D. not only an examination about the difficulty with reconciling reason, will, and passion together in any art form, but

  E. not only an examination of the difficulty of reconciling reason, will, and passion in any art form, but

  通过对比5个选项发现B C选项都用了 "not only...and" 这个错误的搭配,所以首先排除掉。;其次根据平行排掉 A D,所以最后只有E中的 " anexamination of the difficulty of reconciling reason" 和未画线 "a skillfully navigated exploration of themajor concerns of modernism" 是平行的。

  通过对比两个题目会发现,第一个题目平行的两个部分都在在画线部分,而第二道题目有一半在未画线部分,虽然这只是一个细节的变化,但是却暗藏了考官的心机,因为很多同学会忽略未画线部分的信息,导致没有看到考点而选错,所以避免掉到考官的设置的陷阱,同学们一定要细心的关注未画线部分的信息。

  732. The final decades of the twentieth century not only saw an explosion of the literary production among women, but there was also an intense interest in the lives and works of women writers.

  A. not only saw an explosion of the literary production among women, but there was also

  B. not only saw an explosion of literary production in women, but there was also

  C. saw not only an explosion of literary production among women, but also

  D. saw not only an explosion of the literary production by women, but it also saw

  E. saw not only an explosion of literary production by women, but also saw

  根据前两个题目的方法先判断:1、搭配是否对;2、前后是否平行

  A. not only saw an explosion of the literary production among women, but there was also

  B. not only saw an explosion of literary production in women, but there was also

  C. saw not only an explosion of literary production among women, but also

  D. saw not only an explosion of the literary production by women, but it also saw

  E. saw not only an explosion of literary production by women, but also saw

  通过对比5个选项发现A B D选项都用了 " not only...but…also " 这个错误的搭配,所以首先 排除掉。说到这里,有的同学可能会质疑这个“also”的位置不可以吗?我们来看一下官方的解析:

官方解释

  由此可见," not only...but…also " 这种用法是不对的。

  接下来,根据平行排除E选项,因为 E中把 " an explosion of literary production by women" 和 " saw…" 平行起来了。

  根据以上内容大家学会平行部分的了判断方法了吗?大家有没有发现,OG19中新增的三道题都是考察not only…but also这个用法,所以这个结构是不是非常重要!!!

  最新热文推荐:

  2018,一起出发!——留学考试备考规划

  2018-2019最新世界大学排名一览

  去美国前,你需要做好这五件事

  香港留学一年要花多少钱?算算这笔留学账

  申请时大学(university)和学院(college)有什么区别

(实习编辑:Lin)

新东方网GMAT官方微信:新GMAT满分备考 (微信号:newgmat

这里有大家关心的GMAT考试信息、备考技巧、留学资讯,第一时间与大家分享新东方独家消息,是考G之路上的必备良友。

新东方GMAT辅导专区

班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

焦点推荐

精品直播

版权及免责声明

凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。