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GMAT考试中必须了解的qualify词意

2017-05-10 14:50

来源:新东方北京学校

作者:闫晨晨

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  新东方网GMAT频道在此和大家分享闫晨晨老师为大家带来的GMAT中的qualify一词理解,希望对大家掌握GMAT考试有所帮助。

  看到“qualify”,相信很多同学的内心活动是:使合格啊,这我中学就认识,呵呵 。

  没错,“qualify”确实有“使合格”的含义,比如:Mr. Darcom is qualified to be the governor of Handong Province.

  如果大家只知道“qualify”的这个意思的话,那就too young, too simple 了!

  在GMAT阅读中经常会使用到qualify另外一个大家平时不了解的含义:to limit or restrict (限制),而且这种含义的qualify还经常出现在选项里,如果不认识就真的挂了。来!光说不练假把式,我们来看到真题:

  Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly understood. However, theory and limited research suggest that the process through which such plans emerge may play a part. In particular, top management decision-sharing—consensus-oriented, team-based decision-making—may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans, because those involved in the decision-making may be more committed to the chosen course of action, thereby increasing the likelihood that organizations will subsequently adhere to their plans.

  However, the relationship between top management decision-sharing and adherence to plans may be affected by a firm’s strategic mission (its fundamental approach to increasing sales revenue and market share, and generating cash flow and short-term profits). At one end of the strategic mission continuum, “build” strategies are pursued when a firm desires to increase its market share and is willing to sacrifice short-term profits to do so. At the other end, “harvest” strategies are used when a firm is willing to sacrifice marked share for short-term profitability and cash-flow maximization. Research and theory suggest that top management decision-sharing may have a more positive relationship with adherence to plans among firms with harvest strategies than among firms with build strategies.

  Q:Which of the following best describes the function of the first sentence of the second paragraph of the passage?

  A. To answer a question posed in the first sentence of the passage about why firms adopt particular strategic missions

  B. To refute an argument made in the first paragraph about how top management decision-making affects whether firms will adhere to their strategic plans

  C. To provide evidence supporting a theory introduced in the first paragraph about what makes firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plants

  D. To qualify an assertion made in the preceding sentence about how top management decision-making affects the likelihood that firms will adhere to their strategic plans

  E. To explain a distinction relied on in the second paragraph regarding two different kinds of strategic missions

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