新东方网>留学>GMAT考试>GMAT辅导>GMAT模拟试题>正文

GMAT阅读理解练习题一篇(附答案)

2013-04-02 17:23

来源:互联网

作者:

GMAT全科备考 轻松拿下700+_新东方网GMAT备考专题

  下面新东方网GMAT频道为大家整理了GMAT阅读理解练习题一篇(附答案),供考生们参考,以下是详细内容。

  大家在备考gmat阅读考试的时候,需要准备的复习材料很多,对于计划参加gmat考试的人来说,要想在gmat阅读考试中获取好的成绩,做适量的练习是必须的,下面就通过解答下面的gmat阅读练习材料来总结一些解题方法吧。

  Recent years have brought minority-owned businesses in the United States unprecedented opportunities—as well as new and significant risks. Civil rights activists have long argued that one of the principal reasons why Blacks, Hispanics, and other minority groups have difficulty establishing themselves in business is that they lack access to the sizable orders and subcontracts that are generated by large companies. Now Congress, in apparent agreement, has required by law that businesses awarded federal contracts of more than $500,000 do their best to find minority subcontractors and record their efforts to do so on forms filed with the government. Indeed, some federal and local agencies have gone so far as to set specific percentage goals for apportioning parts of public works contracts to minority enterprises.

  Corporate response appears to have been substantial. According to figures collected in 1977, the total of corporate contracts with minority businesses rose from $77 million in 1972 to $1.1 billion in 1977. The projected total of corporate contracts with minority businesses for the early 1980’s is estimated to be over 53 billion per year with no letup anticipated in the next decade. Promising as it is for minority businesses, this increased patronage poses dangers for them, too. First, minority firms risk expanding too fast and overextending themselves financially, since most are small concerns and, unlike large businesses, they often need to make substantial investments in new plants, staff, equipment, and the like in order to perform work subcontracted to them. If, thereafter, their subcontracts are for some reason reduced, such firms can face potentially crippling fixed expenses. The world of corporate purchasing can be frustrating for small entrepreneurs who get requests for elaborate formal estimates and bids. Both consume valuable time and resources, and a small company’s efforts must soon result in orders, or both the morale and the financial health of the business will suffer.

  A second risk is that White-owned companies may seek to cash in on the increasing apportionments through formation of joint ventures with minority-owned concerns. Of course, in many instances there are legitimate reasons for joint ventures; clearly, White and minority enterprises can team up (team up: v.(使)结成一队, 合作, 协作) to acquire business that neither could acquire alone. But civil rights groups and minority business owners have complained to Congress about minorities being set up as “fronts (a person, group, or thing used to mask the identity or true character or activity of the actual controlling agent)” with White backing, rather than being accepted as full partners in legitimate joint ventures.

  Third, a minority enterprise that secures the business of one large corporate customer often runs the danger of becoming—and remaining—dependent. Even in the best of circumstances, fierce competition from larger, more established companies makes it difficult for small concerns to broaden their customer bases: when such firms have nearly guaranteed orders from a single corporate benefactor, they may truly have to struggle against complacency arising from their current success.

  1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

  (A) present a commonplace idea and its inaccuracies

  (B) describe a situation and its potential drawbacks

  (C) propose a temporary solution to a problem

  (D) analyze a frequent source of disagreement

  (E) explore the implications of a finding

  2. The passage supplies information that would answer which of the following questions?

  (A) What federal agencies have set percentage goals for the use of minority-owned businesses in public works contracts?

  (B) To which government agencies must businesses awarded federal contracts report their efforts to find minority subcontractors?

  (C) How widespread is the use of minority-owned concerns as “fronts” by White backers seeking to obtain subcontracts?

  (D) How many more minority-owned businesses were there in 1977 than in 1972?

  (E) What is one set of conditions under which a small business might find itself financially overextended?

新东方网GMAT官方微信:新GMAT满分备考 (微信号:newgmat

这里有大家关心的GMAT考试信息、备考技巧、留学资讯,第一时间与大家分享新东方独家消息,是考G之路上的必备良友。

新东方GMAT辅导专区

班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

焦点推荐

版权及免责声明

凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。